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This is a selective list of the works of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, listed by genre. The Köchel catalogue contains a complete, chronologically ordered, list.

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was prolific and wrote in many genres. Perhaps his best-admired work is in opera, the piano concerto and sonata, the symphony, and in the string quartet and string quintet. Mozart also wrote much work for solo piano, other forms of chamber music, masses and other religious music, and numerous dances, divertimentos, and other forms of light entertainment.

How Mozart's compositions are listedEdit

  • The indication "K." or "KV" refers to "Template:Lang" (Köchel catalogue), i.e. the (more or less) chronological (i.e. by composition date) catalogue of Mozart's works by Ludwig von Köchel. This catalog has been amended several times, leading to ambiguity over some KV numbers (see e.g. Symphony No. 25).
  • The compositions of Mozart listed below are grouped thematically, i.e. by type of composition. Not all thematic groups of Mozart's works have a separate numbering that is generally accepted: Köchel only numbers symphonies (1 to 41), piano concertos (1 to 27, leaving out some early transcriptions by Mozart) and a few other groups. On the other hand, for most chamber music and vocal music there is no such numbering (or at least no generally accepted one).
  • Only relatively few of Mozart's compositions have opus numbers, as not so many of his compositions were published during his lifetime, so numbering by opus number proves quite impractical for Mozart compositions.

Symphonies Edit

Main article: List of symphonies by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Mozart's symphonic production covers a 24 year interval, from 1764 to 1788. According to most recent investigations, Mozart wrote not just the 41 symphonies reported in traditional editions, but up to 68 complete works of this type. However, by convention, the original numbering has been retained, and so his last symphony is still known as "No. 41". Some of the symphonies (K. 297, 385, 550) were revised by the author after their first versions.

Childhood symphonies (1764–1771)Edit

These are the numbered symphonies from Mozart's early childhood.

There are also several "unnumbered" symphonies from this time period. Many of them were given numbers past 41 (but not in chronological order) in an older collection of Mozart's works (Mozart-Werke, 1877–1910, referred to as "GA"), but newer collections refer to them only by their entries in the Köchel catalogue. Many of these can not be completely established as being written by Mozart (see here).

Salzburg-era symphonies (1771–1777)Edit

These symphonies are sometimes subcategorized as "Early" (1771–1773) and "Late" (1773–1777), and sometimes subcategorized as "Germanic" (with minuet) or "Italian" (without minuet). None of these were printed during Mozart's lifetime.

Although not counted as "symphonies" the three Divertimenti K. 136–138, in 3-movement Italian overture style, are sometimes indicated as "Salzburg Symphonies" too.

There are also several "unnumbered" symphonies from this time period that make use of music from Mozart's operas from the same time period. They are also given numbers past 41.

There are also three symphonies from this time period that are based on three of Mozart's serenades:

Late symphonies (1778–1791)Edit

The three final symphonies (Nos. 39–41) were completed in about three months in 1788. It is quite likely that he hoped to publish these three works together as a single opus, although actually they remained unpublished until after his death. One or two of them might have been played in public in Leipzig in 1789.

Concertos Edit

Piano concertos Edit

Main article: Mozart piano concertos

Wolfgang Mozart's concertos for piano and orchestra are numbered from 1 to 27. The first four numbered concertos are early works. The movements of these concertos are arrangements of keyboard sonatas by various contemporary composers (Raupach, Honauer, Schobert, Eckart, C. P. E. Bach). There are also three unnumbered concertos, K. 107, which are adapted from piano sonatas by J. C. Bach. Concertos 7 and 10 are compositions for three and two pianos respectively. The remaining twenty-one are original compositions for solo piano and orchestra. Among them, fifteen were written in the years from 1782 to 1786, while in the last five years Mozart wrote just two more piano concertos.

Violin concertos Edit

Mozart's five violin concertos were written in Salzburg around 1775. They are notable for the beauty of their melodies and the skillful use of the expressive and technical characteristics of the instrument, though Mozart probably never went through all the violin possibilities that others (e.g. Beethoven and Brahms) did after him. (Alfred Einstein notes that the violin concerto–like sections in the serenades are more virtuosic than in the works titled Violin Concertos.)

Mozart also penned an adagio and two stand-alone rondos for violin and orchestra.

In addition, there are two works that are spuriously attributed to Mozart.

  • Violin Concerto in E-flat major, K. 268 ("No. 6") (1780) (attributed to Johann Friedrich Eck)[1]
  • Violin Concerto in D major, "Kolb", K. 271a ("No. 7") (1777)

Horn concertos Edit

Main article: Horn Concertos (Mozart)

Arguably the most widely played concertos for horn, the four Horn Concertos are a major part of most professional horn players' repertoire. They were written for Mozart's lifelong friend Joseph Leutgeb. The concertos (especially the fourth) were written as virtuoso vehicles that allow the soloist to show a variety of abilities on the valveless horns of Mozart's day.

The Horn Concertos are characterized by an elegant and humorous dialogue between the soloist and the orchestra. Many of the autographs contain jokes aimed at the dedicatee.

Woodwind concertos Edit

Template:Listen

Concertante symphoniesEdit

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These were not Mozart's only attempts at the genre; a few other fragmentary works were also composed around the same time, though not completed.

  • Sinfonia Concertante for Violin, Viola, Cello and Orchestra in A major, K. 320e (Anh. 104) (c. 1779, fragment)
  • Sinfonia Concertante for Piano, Violin and Orchestra in D major, K. Anh. 56 (1778, fragment)

Other Edit

Piano music Edit

Mozart's earliest composition attempts begin with piano sonatas and other piano pieces, as this is the instrument on which his musical education took place. Almost everything that he wrote for piano was intended to be played by himself (or by his sister, also a proficient piano player). Examples of his earliest works are those found in Nannerl's Music Book. Between 1782 and 1786 he wrote 20 works for piano solo (including sonatas, variations, fantasias, suites, fugues, rondo) and works for piano four hands and two pianos.

Solo piano works Edit

Main article: List of solo piano compositions by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Dual piano/performer works Edit

Piano four-handsEdit

Two pianosEdit

Chamber music Edit

Violin music Edit

He also wrote for piano and violin. Note the order of the two instruments, for the most part, these are keyboard-centric sonatas where the violin plays a more accompanying role. In later years, the role of the violin grew to not just a support to the other solo instrument, but to build a dialogue with it.

Childhood violin sonatas (1763–66) Edit

  • Violin Sonatas, KV 6–9
    • Violin Sonata No. 1 in C for Keyboard and Violin, K. 6
    • Violin Sonata No. 2 in D for Keyboard and Violin, K. 7
    • Violin Sonata No. 3 in B-flat for Keyboard and Violin, K. 8
    • Violin Sonata No. 4 in G for Keyboard and Violin, K. 9
  • Violin Sonatas, KV 10–15
    • Violin Sonata No. 5 in B-flat for Keyboard and Violin (or Flute), K. 10
    • Violin Sonata No. 6 in G for Keyboard and Violin (or Flute), K. 11
    • Violin Sonata No. 7 in A for Keyboard and Violin (or Flute), K. 12
    • Violin Sonata No. 8 in F for Keyboard and Violin (or Flute), K. 13
    • Violin Sonata No. 9 in C for Keyboard and Violin (or Flute), K. 14
    • Violin Sonata No. 10 in B-flat for Keyboard and Violin (or Flute), K. 15
  • Violin Sonatas, KV 26–31
    • Violin Sonata No. 11 in E-flat for Keyboard and Violin, K. 26
    • Violin Sonata No. 12 in G for Keyboard and Violin, K. 27
    • Violin Sonata No. 13 in C for Keyboard and Violin, K. 28
    • Violin Sonata No. 14 in D for Keyboard and Violin, K. 29
    • Violin Sonata No. 15 in F for Keyboard and Violin, K. 30
    • Violin Sonata No. 16 in B-flat for Keyboard and Violin, K. 31

Mature violin sonatas (1778–88) Edit

Variations for violin and piano Edit

String duos and trios Edit

String quartets Edit

This cycle, in three movements, is interesting as far as these works can be considered precursors of the later —more complete— string quartets.
  • String Quartet No. 2 in D major, K. 155/134a (1772)
  • String Quartet No. 3 in G major, K. 156/134b (1772)
  • String Quartet No. 4 in C major, K. 157 (1772–73)
  • String Quartet No. 5 in F major, K. 158 (1772–73)
  • String Quartet No. 6 in B-flat major, K. 159 (1773)
  • String Quartet No. 7 in E-flat major, K. 160/159a (1773)
Much more stylistically developed. In Vienna Mozart is believed to have heard the op. 17 and op. 20 quartets of Joseph Haydn, and had received from them a deep impression.
  • String Quartet No. 8 in F major, K. 168 (1773)
  • String Quartet No. 9 in A major, K. 169 (1773)
  • String Quartet No. 10 in C major, K. 170 (1773)
  • String Quartet No. 11 in E-flat major, K. 171 (1773)
  • String Quartet No. 12 in B-flat major, K. 172 (1773)
  • String Quartet No. 13 in D minor, K. 173 (1773)
  • Haydn Quartets K. 387, 421, 428, 458, 464, 465, Op. 10 (1782–1785)
Mozart returned to the quartet in the early 1780s after he had moved to Vienna, met Haydn in person, and developed a friendship with the older composer. Haydn had just published his set of six quartets, Op. 33, which are thought to have been a stimulus to Mozart in returning to the genre. These quartets are often regarded as among the pinnacles of the genre.
This work was published by (dedicated to?) Franz Anton Hoffmeister, as well as the Prussian Quartets. Mozart's last three quartets, dedicated to the King of Prussia Friedrich Wilhelm II, are noted for the cantabile character of the parts for cello (the instrument played by the king himself), the sweetness of sounds and the equilibrium among the different instruments.

String quintets Edit

The string quintets (K. 174, 406, 515, 516, 593, 614), for two violins, two violas and cello. Charles Rosen wrote that "by general consent, Mozart's greatest achievement in chamber music is the group of string quintets with two violas."[2]

Piano triosEdit

  • Divertimento à 3 in B-flat for Piano, Violin and Violoncello, K. 254
  • Trio (Sonata) in G for Piano, Violin and Violoncello, K. 496
  • Trio in B-flat for Piano, Violin and Violoncello, K. 502
  • Trio in E for Piano, Violin and Violoncello, K. 542
  • Trio in C for Piano, Violin and Violoncello, K. 548
  • Trio in G for Piano, Violin and Violoncello, K. 564

Other chamber musicEdit

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Serenades, divertimenti, and other instrumental works Edit

The production for instrumental ensembles includes several Divertimenti, Notturni, Serenades, Cassations, Marches, and Dances, besides, of course, the Symphonies. Mozart's production for orchestra is written for string ensembles (like the early Divertimenti K. 136–138), as well as for wind instruments ensembles and the varied combinations of string and wind.

SerenadesEdit

DivertimentiEdit

  • Galimathias Musicum (Quodlibet), K. 32 (1766)
  • Cassation in G, K. 63 (1769)
  • Cassation in B-flat, K. 99 (1769)
  • Divertimento in E-flat, K. 113 (1771)
  • Divertimento in D, K. 131 (1772)
  • Divertimento in D for string quartet or string orchestra, K. 136/125a (1772)
  • Divertimento in B-flat for string quartet or string orchestra, K. 137/125b (1772)
  • Divertimento in F for string quartet or string orchestra, K. 138/125c (1772)
  • Divertimento in E-flat, K.166
  • Divertimento in B-flat, K.186
  • Divertimento in D, K. 205 (1773)
  • Divertimento in F, K.213
  • Divertimento in B-flat, K.240
  • Divertimento in F, "Lodron", K. 247 (1776)
  • Divertimento in D, K. 251 (1776)
  • Divertimento in F, K.253
  • Divertimento in B-flat, K.270
  • Divertimento in B-flat, "Lodron", K. 287 (1777)
  • Divertimento in D, K. 334 (1779–80)
  • 25 Pieces (five divertimenti) for three basset horns, K. 439b (K. Anh. 229)
  • Divertimento for two horns and strings, "A Musical Joke", ("Ein Musikalischer Spaß"), K. 522
  • Divertimento for string trio in E-flat major K. 563 (1788)

MarchesEdit

  • March in D major, K. 62 (Introduction to K. 100 Serenade, also used in Mitridate, re di Ponto)
  • March in D major, K. 189 (probably to open/close K. 185 Serenade)
  • March in C major, K. 214
  • March in D major, K. 215 (to open and/or close Serenade, K. 204)
  • March in D major, K. 237 (to open and/or close Serenade, K. 203)
  • March in F major, K. 248 (for use with Divertimento, K. 247)
  • March in D major, K. 249 (to open and/or close Serenade, "Haffner", K. 250)
  • March in D major, K. 290
  • March in D major, K. 335, No. 1 (probably to open Serenade, "Posthorn", K. 320)
  • March in D major, K. 335, No. 2 (probably to close Serenade, "Posthorn", K. 320)
  • March in C major, K. 408, No. 1
  • March in D major, K. 408, No. 2
  • March in C major, K. 408, No. 3
  • March in D major, K. 445 (for use with Divertimento, K. 334)

DancesEdit

Template:See also Mozart left a huge production of dances for orchestra, including the genres of Minuetto (more than 100), Contredanse and Allemande (or Teitsch, or Laendler, or German Dances).

In his production of minuets, Mozart generally followed Haydn's example, preferring the slow character of the dance. Allemandes (56 between 1787 and 1791) were written mainly for public balls in Vienna. In the Contredanse production, also written mainly in Vienna, some examples of program music are found, like Il Temporale, K. 534, La Bataille, K. 535, Canary, K. 600/5, etc. Template:Div col

  • 6 Menuets, K. 61h
  • 7 Menuets, K. 65a/61b
  • 4 Contredanses, K. 101/250a
  • 20 Menuets, K. 103
  • 6 Menuets, K. 104/61e
  • 6 Menuets, K. 105/61f
  • Menuet in E-flat, K. 122
  • Contredanse in B-flat, K. 123
  • 6 Menuets, K. 164
  • 16 Menuets, K. 176
  • 4 Contredanses, K. 267/271c
  • Gavotte in B-flat, K. 300
  • 3 Menuets, K. 363
  • 5 Menuets, K. 461
  • 6 Contredanses, K. 462/448b
  • 2 Quadrilles, K. 463/448c
  • 6 German Dances, K. 509
  • Contredanse in D, "Das Donnerwetter", K. 534
  • Contredanse in C, "La Bataille", K. 535
  • 6 German Dances, K. 536
  • 6 German Dances, K. 567
  • 12 Menuets, K. 568
  • 6 German Dances, K. 571
  • 12 Menuets, K. 585
  • 12 German Dances, K. 586
  • Contredanse in C, "Der Sieg vom Helden Koburg", K. 587
  • 6 Menuets, K. 599
  • 6 German Dances, K. 600
  • 4 Menuets, K. 601
  • 4 German Dances, K. 602
  • 2 Contredanses, K. 603
  • 2 Menuets, K. 604
  • 3 German Dances, K. 605
  • 6 German Dances, K. 606
  • 5 Contredanses, K. 609
  • Contredanse in G, K. 610

Template:Div col end

Sacred musicEdit

Mozart's sacred music is mainly vocal, though also instrumental examples exist, like the Sonate da Chiesa for 2 violins, double bass and organ, composed between 1767 and 1780. Mozart's sacred music presents a rich stylistic mosaic: Gregorian choral elements meet rigorous counterpoint, and even operatic elements can sometimes emerge. Stylistic unity and consistency is present over all his sacred music work. We include in this genre, for their liturgical character, also the compositions written for the Masonic Lodge, like the cantata Laut Verkunde unsre Freude K623 and the Maurerische Trauermusik (Masonic Funeral Music), K. 477.

MassesEdit

Main article: List of masses by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
  • Mass No. 1 ("Missa brevis") in G major, K. 49
  • Mass No. 2 ("Missa brevis") in D minor, K. 65
  • Mass No. 3 in C major, "Dominicusmesse", K. 66
  • Mass No. 4 ("Missa solemnis") in C minor, K. 139
  • Mass No. 5 ("Missa brevis") in G major, K. 140
  • Mass No. 6 ("Missa brevis") in F major, K. 192
  • Mass No. 7 in C major, "Missa in honorem Sanctissimae Trinitatis", K. 167
  • Mass No. 8 ("Missa brevis") in D major, K. 194
  • Mass No. 9 ("Missa brevis") in C major, "Spatzenmesse", K. 220
  • Mass No. 10 ("Missa brevis") in C major, "Credo Mass", K. 257
  • Mass No. 11 in C major, "Spaurmesse" or "Piccolomissa", K. 258
  • Mass No. 12 ("Missa brevis") in C major, "Organ Solo", K. 259
  • Mass No. 13 ("Missa longa") in C major, K. 262
  • Mass No. 14 ("Missa brevis") in B-flat major, K. 275
  • Mass No. 15 in C major, "Coronation", K. 317
  • Mass No. 16 ("Missa solemnis") in C major, "Missa aulica", K. 337
  • Mass No. 17 in C minor, "Great", K. 427
  • Requiem Mass in D minor, K. 626 (completed by Franz Xaver Süssmayr after Mozart's death)

Other sacred musicEdit

Mozart's other sacred music includes:

  • God is Our Refuge, K. 20
  • Kyrie in F major, K. 33
  • Scande Coeli Limina in C, K. 34
  • Kyrie in D minor for soprano, alto, tenor and bass, K. 90

Three settings of the Marian antiphon Regina coeli:

  • Regina Coeli for soprano, chorus and orchestra, K. 108
  • Regina Coeli for soprano, chorus and orchestra, K. 127
  • Regina Coeli for soloists, chorus and orchestra, K. 276

Two Vesper services:

as well as four litanies, numerous offertories, psalms, motets, and other mass fragments.

Church sonatas Edit

Main article: Church Sonatas (Mozart)

Template:Div col

  • Church Sonata No. 1 in E-flat K. 41h (1772)
  • Church Sonata No. 2 in B K. 68 (1772)
  • Church Sonata No. 3 in D K. 69 (1772)
  • Church Sonata No. 4 in D, K. 144 (1772)
  • Church Sonata No. 5 in F, K. 145 (1772)
  • Church Sonata No. 6 in B, K. 212 (1775)
  • Church Sonata No. 7 in F, K. 241a (1776)
  • Church Sonata No. 8 in A, K. 241b (1776)
  • Church Sonata No. 9 in G, K. 241 (1776)
  • Church Sonata No. 10 in F, K. 244 (1776)
  • Church Sonata No. 11 in D, K. 245 (1776)
  • Church Sonata No. 12 in C, K. 263 (1776)
  • Church Sonata No. 13 in G, K. 274 (1777)
  • Church Sonata No. 14 in C, K. 278 (1777)
  • Church Sonata No. 15 in C, K. 328 (1779)
  • Church Sonata No. 16 in C, K. 329 (1779)
  • Church Sonata No. 17 in C, K. 336 (1780)

Template:Div col end

Organ music Edit

  • Fugue in E-flat major, K. 153 (375f)
  • Fugue in G minor, K. 154 (385k)
  • Ouverture in C major, K. 399 (385i)
  • Fugue in G minor, K. 401 (375e)
  • Eine kleine Gigue, K. 574
  • Adagio and Allegro in F minor for a Mechanical Organ, K. 594 (1790)
  • Fantasia in F minor for a Mechanical Organ, K. 608 (1791)
  • Andante in F for a Small Mechanical Organ, K. 616 (1791)

Operas Edit

Main article: List of operas by Mozart

Concert arias, songs and canons Edit

Main article: List of concert arias, songs and canons by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Recordings Edit

In 1991, in honor of the bicentenary of Mozart's death, Philips Classics gathered recordings considered to be the best performances from the extensive catalog of their parent company Universal Music and issued a set in a number of multi-disc volumes, collectively called the Complete Mozart Edition, on a total of 180 CDs. These were also made available as a unitary boxed set of the entire collection. The Philips set is no longer in print, but in either format much of it may still be available, primarily from various online sources.[3]

Another entirely different set of recordings, also available either as multi-disc volumes or in a single unitary boxed set, has more recently been issued on 170 CDs by Brilliant Classics.[4]

Reviews of specific recordings are widely available, both at various online websites and in books and other print publications. Many such publications, and in some cases also a selection of CD recordings, will be available from local public libraries.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Template:Cite journal
  2. Template:Cite book
  3. Search online for B000050GG5 for the full set. The same sources found will usually offer various multi-disc volumes from the Philips set.
  4. Search online for B000BLI3K2. Also see joanrecords, the publisher-authorized distribution outlet, for various multi-disc volumes from the Brilliant Classics set, which may also be available from other sources.

External linksEdit

Template:Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart


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