Gottlob Frick (28 July 1906 in Ölbronn-Dürrn – 18 August 1994 in Muhlacker) was a German bass who sang in opera. He was known for his wide repertory including Wagner and Mozart roles, as well as those of Nicolai and Lortzing.
Frick's teachers included
Fritz Windgassen (father and teacher of Frick’s contemporary, the tenor Wolfgang Windgassen).
He was a member of the chorus at the
Stuttgart State Opera from 1927 to 1934. His first solo role was in Coburg in 1934–35, ] followed by [1 Freiburg (1936–40) ]and [1 Königsberg (1938) where Karl Böhm discovered him and engaged him for the Dresden State Opera in 1941, ] which was his base for the following decade. In 1950 he moved to the [1 Deutsche Oper Berlin, but his international CAREER took him to all the leading houses in Europe.
His voice was instantly recognizable by its dark, evil-sounding, almost reptilian timbre, and was aptly described by
Wilhelm Furtwängler as 'the blackest bass in Germany' ( der schwärzeste Bass in Deutschland). This made up for the fact that it was somewhat smaller than others such as those of Josef Greindl, Ludwig Weber and Kurt Boehme.
The roles for which Frick was best known were
Osmin, Sarastro, Commendatore, Kaspar, Rocco and, above all, the principal Wagner bass roles. He also performed in operetta, often with Fritz Wunderlich, and often sang Archangel Raphael in Haydn's . Creation
He retired in 1970 from the stage, although a few of his recordings (for instance, as Gurnemanz in the Solti-led
), were later than that. Parsifal
He is well represented on disc. Among his best-known recordings were Osmin (in
) first for Sir The Abduction from the Seraglio Thomas Beecham and again for Josef Krips, Sarastro (in ) and Rocco (in The Magic Flute ) for Fidelio Otto Klemperer.
He also recorded the Hermit (in
Weber's ) for Der Freischütz Joseph Keilberth and Kaspar for Lovro von Matacic, The Peasant (in Carl Orff's ) for both Die Kluge Wolfgang Sawallisch and Kurt Eichhorn, Kecal (in ), Pogner and King Henry for The Bartered Bride Rudolf Kempe, King Marke, Daland and the Landgrave for Franz Konwitschny, and Hunding, Hagen and Gurnemanz for Sir Georg Solti. Several anthology albums of Frick singing aria are also available.
Warrack, John and West, Ewan (1992), The Oxford Dictionary of Opera, 782 pages, ISBN 0-19-869164-5